University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

She earned her Bachelor of Law from Universitas Indonesia, Master of Law from the University of California, and doctoral degree from Universitas Indonesia. She teaches Introduction to Legal Studies; Introduction to Indonesian Law; Act against the law; Contract courses. She earned her Bachelor of Law and Master of Notary from Universitas Pelita Harapan. He earned his Bachelor of Law from Universitas Indonesia, Master of Law from Europa Institut Universitaat Saarlandes Germany, doctoral degree in Law from Europa Institut Universitaat Saarlandes Germany. He teaches Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure Law; Consumer Protection Law courses.

  • Read feature stories on how Georgetown Law stays ready to serve the students of today and tomorrow, and on how our O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law is building on lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • This is especially the case for pension funds, the most important form of trust, where investors are trustees for people’s savings until retirement.
  • There are also many other arguments and cannons of interpretation which altogether make statutory interpretation possible.
  • Another example of a trustee’s duty might be to invest property wisely or sell it.
  • Her research interests include business law, contract, and Indonesian tort law.
  • There have been several attempts to produce “a universally acceptable definition of law”.

The use of statistical methods in court cases and law review articles has grown massively in importance in the last few decades. Canon law (from Greek kanon, a ‘straight measuring rod, ruler’) is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority , for the government of a Christian organisation or church and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law governing the Catholic Church , the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the individual national churches within the Anglican Communion. The way that such church law is legislated, interpreted and at times adjudicated varies widely among these three bodies of churches.

Shots – Health News

Prominent examples of legislatures are the Houses of Parliament in London, the Congress in Washington, D.C., the Bundestag in Berlin, the Duma in Moscow, the Parlamento Italiano in Rome and the Assemblée nationale in Paris. By the principle of representative government people vote for politicians to carry out their wishes. Although countries like Israel, Greece, Sweden and China are unicameral, most countries are bicameral, meaning they have two separately appointed legislative houses.

Caminker Files Brief for State Justices in Elections Case

Torts can also involve intentional acts such as assault, battery or trespass. A better known tort is defamation, which occurs, for example, when a newspaper makes unsupportable allegations that damage a politician’s reputation. More infamous are economic torts, which form the basis of labour law in some countries by making trade unions liable for strikes, when statute does not provide immunity.

The Law Society is the educational, representative and regulatory body of the solicitors’ profession in Ireland.

Today, countries that have civil law systems range from Russia and Turkey to most of Central and Latin America. The main institutions of law in industrialised countries are independent courts, representative parliaments, an accountable executive, the military and police, bureaucratic organisation, the legal profession and civil society itself. John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Government, and Baron de Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws, advocated for a separation of powers between the political, legislature and executive bodies. Their principle was that no person should be able to usurp all powers of the state, in contrast to the absolutist theory of Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan.

Max Weber famously argued that the state is that which controls the monopoly on the legitimate use of force. The military and police carry out enforcement at the request of the government or the courts. The term failed state refers to states that cannot Law News implement or enforce policies; their police and military no longer control security and order and society moves into anarchy, the absence of government. The executive in a legal system serves as the centre of political authority of the State.